Periodontitis is an extremely common oral health condition which is experienced by nearly half of all adults to some degree. The condition, which is often referred to as gum disease, is marked by the gums becoming swollen and inflamed due to exposure to bacteria and plaque. A patient suffering from periodontitis will typically notice some discomfort in their gums, and they may begin to bleed when they brush and floss. Although this may seem mild at first, the condition usually progressively worsens over time if it is left untreated.
After the relatively mild initial stage of periodontitis, the individual’s gums will then begin to retract and pull away from the teeth. Empty spaces called periodontal pockets will begin to form when this happens. Unfortunately, these openings provide the perfect environment for bacteria and plaque to manifest. As the periodontal pockets become filled with unwanted material, the condition can begin to quickly spread throughout the rest of the mouth. The condition can become even more serious if it spreads to the jawbone. If this happens, it is probable that the structure will start deteriorating, and the connective tissues for teeth will become destroyed. Tooth loss can occur, as the teeth will no longer be receiving proper support from the jawbone.
DFW Dental Service provides a complete lineup of periodontal services and treatments. These treatments cover every stage of periodontitis.
Scaling and Root Planing
The scaling process involves using specialized tools to reach deep below a person’s gum line to remove any unwanted tartar and bacteria. Then, root planing is performed by smoothing out rough spots on the root surfaces to prevent future buildups. Overall, the procedure is very effective in stopping early periodontitis and helping the patient restore their oral health.
Bone grafting procedures are designed to stimulate new bone growth. This is useful when a patient has suffered from jawbone deterioration. The bone grafting process involves applying artificial bone material and special proteins directly to the damaged jawbone. Over time, the structure should begin to regenerate and strengthen. This will help to restore the appearance of the face, and it will allow us to install dental implants if needed.
Dental Crown Lengthening
A common problem that occurs with periodontitis is gum tissue that is inflamed and swollen. This can cause a person to suffer from an unattractive “gummy” smile. This issue can be corrected using a procedure called dental crown lengthening. This involves cutting into the gum line to remove or reshape any excess gum tissue that is present. By doing this, the appearance of the patient’s smile will be restored. Dental crown lengthening can also be useful for accessing a person’s teeth below the gum line.
A gingivectomy is performed when a case of periodontitis cannot be properly dealt with using scaling and root planing. This surgical procedure consists of removing and reshaping any loose or diseased gum tissue. By doing this, our experts can access and remove any periodontal pockets that are present. This will provide a more thorough and deeper cleaning than what is possible with traditional scaling and root planing techniques. Once the periodontal pockets have been eliminated, healing and recovery should follow.
Root Surface Debridement
When treating periodontitis, a root surface debridement procedure may be conducted. This technique involves deep cleaning of the root surfaces below the teeth to remove any accumulations of tartar, bacteria and plaque. This will stop the gum disease from spreading and encourage a faster recovery. Since root surface debridement is a non-surgical procedure, it usually features little downtime.
Unlike most periodontal treatments that use traditional metal tools, periodontal laser treatments utilize an advanced dental laser. This laser is used to access and remove swollen gum tissue from around the root of a tooth. It can also eliminate buildups and smooth out any troubling rough spots. A major benefit of using a laser is that these treatments feature faster recovery times and reduced patient discomfort.
Reducing and eliminating the periodontal pockets that occur with gum disease is one of the most important aspects of treatment. This procedure involves applying an antimicrobial liquid to the pockets to eliminate any oral bacteria that is present. Doing this will reduce the size of the pockets and promote fast healing.
Ridge Augmentation and Preservation
After a tooth is lost or removed, we generally recommend having a dental implant installed as soon as possible, but if implants cannot be installed right away, then we may recommend a ridge augmentation and preservation procedure. This involves applying bone grafts to the alveolar ridge bone which is used to support tooth roots. By doing this, we can slow down the deterioration of the jawbone so that it will be easier to install dental implants later. Ridge augmentation and preservation will also help to ensure the proper healing of the alveolar ridge bone structure.
A sinus lift procedure may be required when installing dental implants teeth in the upper portion of the mouth. If the jawbone has deteriorated, it’s possible that the sinuses have lowered, and they might get in the way of the implants. To correct this, we access the sinus membrane and lift the sinuses up and out of the way of the implants that will be installed later. Our experts will conclude the minor surgery by applying a bone graft to the area to encourage proper healing.
We strongly encourage any patient who is experiencing any signs or symptoms of periodontitis to seek out professional treatment as quickly as possible. The best way to overcome gum disease and make a full recovery is to receive help before the condition becomes more serious. Please call us at (214) 960-2291 to schedule an appointment.